Foundation Stage

Foundation Stage 1 & 2:

During these formative years, the Foundation Stage programme is geared towards developing self-esteem, social and interactive skills in addition to the basic cognitive and motor abilities. They will take part in class learning, group learning, individual learning, technology utilization and free play.

At 3 and a half years of age, the child is initiated into schooling through innovative methods of teaching, learning and fun filled activities within the framework of the UK’s Early Years programme using a topic based approach. A positive attitude to school is fostered through individual attention, encouragement and support. Our endeavour is to make learning exciting and pressure-free in a safe, secure and happy environment, allowing for a smooth transition from home to school.

The Foundation Stage programme develops key learning skills such as listening, speaking, concentration, persistence and learning to work together. It also develops early communication, literacy and numeracy skills that will prepare young children for Year 1 of the English National Curriculum. The learning and development skills that most children should have achieved by the end of their two years in the Foundation Stage are called the Early Learning Goals.


  • The culture, language and ethnicity of our students are celebrated.
  • Children have the opportunity to engage in self-initiated tasks, adult led activities and quality play.
  • Teachers work together to provide progression in learning from FS1 to FS2 to Year 1.

At CES, we recognize that children develop rapidly physically, intellectually, emotionally and socially. Interacting with other children means learning how to wait, how to take turns and how to listen. These social skills are critical to a developing personality.


The Foundation Stage curriculum is organised into seven areas of learning.

  1. Personal, social, and emotional development

This area helps to shape children’s social skills and develops respect and understanding towards others’ differences.

  1. Physical development

Young children often love to be active, but they also need to understand that continued physical activity paired with healthy food choices are important.

  1. Communication and language

Providing a safe environment for young children to express themselves allows them to develop their language and communication skills.

  1. Literacy

It’s crucial for children to discover phonemic awareness, which is the ability to hear and identify different words and sounds, and also to start reading and writing.

  1. Mathematics

Children need to be guided in developing skills with numbers and calculations, as well as being able to describe shapes, spaces and measures.

  1. Understanding the world

This involves children making sense of their surroundings by observing and exploring.

  1. Expressive arts and design

Activities like drawing, playing with paint, instruments and utilizing technology all give children the chance to express themselves and learn new skills.

The Guiding Principles of EYFS

  1. That every child is unique.
  2. That every child can learn to be strong and independent through positive relationships.
  3. That children learn and develop best in enabling environments.
  4. That children develop and learn in different ways and at different rates.

Introducing children to the curriculum in this manner helps them to feel secure, valued and confident and develops their sense of achievement through learning, which is a pleasurable and rewarding experience.


Play is very important to children. When children play, they are learning by acquiring and developing skills and understanding the world around them. Therefore, play is key to how they learn.

Through play your child can develop motor skills, like how to hold and control a pencil, as well as learn about properties and begin to form concepts about their surroundings. In educational terms, this is called active learning and is recognised as an essential, effective and valuable start to a child’s education.

All activities and play experiences that the child participates in daily at school are carefully selected to promote and support the holistic development of the child.


Key Stage 1

The Foundation Stage is the framework for children’s learning in FS1 and FS2; this is followed by the English National Curriculum. Children in Year 1 will have a gradual move to UK National Curriculum standards.

The teachers adapt their work so that it is appropriate to the different levels of ability found in each class. Not all children progress at the same rate.


  • To build on excellent Foundation Stage experience
  • To continue to develop independence
  • To gradually introduce formal lessons
  • For each child to achieve his/her full potential
  • To enjoy school and continue to develop positive attitudes to learning


  • Foundation Stage Guidance
  • UK National Curriculum Guidance
  • National Literacy Strategies
  • National Numeracy Strategies
  • International Primary Curriculum (IPC)


    • Speaking and Listening (including Drama)
    • Writing
    • Reading
    • Handwriting
    • Phonics
    • Numeracy
    • Science
    • Information and Communication Technology (ICT)
    • Personal, Social and Health Education (PSHE)